C program to calculate electricity bill

Write a C program to input electricity unit charge and calculate the total electricity bill according to the given condition:
For first 50 units Rs. 0.50/unit
For next 100 units Rs. 0.75/unit
For next 100 units Rs. 1.20/unit
For unit above 250 Rs. 1.50/unit
An additional surcharge of 20% is added to the bill.

How to calculate electricity bill using if else in C programming. Program to find electricity bill using if else in C. Logic to find net electricity bill in C program.

Required knowledge

Basic C programming, If else, Basic mathematics

Logic to calculate net electricity bill

Below is the step by step descriptive logic to compute electricity bill.

  1. Input units consumed by the customer in some variable say unit.
  2. If unit consumed less or equal to 50 units. Then amt = unit * 0.50.
  3. If unit consumed more than 50 units but less than 100 units. Then add the first 50 units amount i.e. 25 to the final amount and compute the rest 50 units amount. Which is given by amt = 25 + (unit-50) * 0.75. I have used units-50, since I already calculated first 50 units which is 25.
  4. Similarly check rest of the conditions and calculate total amount.
  5. After calculating total amount. Calculate the surcharge amount i.e. sur_charge = total_amt * 0.20. Add the surcharge amount to net amount. Which is given by net_amt = total_amt + sur_charge.

Let us now code the solution for the given program.

Program to calculate electricity bill

/**
 * C program to calculate total electricity bill
 */

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
{
    int unit;
    float amt, total_amt, sur_charge;

    /*
     * Input unit consumed from user
     */
    printf("Enter total units consumed: ");
    scanf("%d", &unit);


    /*
     * Calculate electricity bill according to given conditions
     */
    if(unit <= 50)
    {
        amt = unit * 0.50;
    }
    else if(unit <= 150)
    {
        amt = 25 + ((unit-50)*0.75);
    }
    else if(unit <= 250)
    {
        amt = 100 + ((unit-150)*1.20);
    }
    else
    {
        amt = 220 + ((unit-250)*1.50);
    }

    /*
     * Calculate total electricity bill
     * after adding surcharge
     */
    sur_charge = amt * 0.20;
    total_amt  = amt + sur_charge;

    printf("Electricity Bill = Rs. %.2f", total_amt);

    return 0;
}

Note: %.2f is used to print fractional values only up to 2 decimal places. You can also use %f to print fractional values normally up to six decimal places.

Output

Enter total units consumed: 150
Electricity Bill = Rs. 125.00

Happy coding 😉

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